The work done by the healthcare access group consists of: Take awareness on the general importance of the Healthcare as a right which belongs to everyone.
There are various European and United Nations conventions and laws which all EU members have signed which take care of the right to health care. The members of the European Union have the obligation to provide the highest standard of accessible health care to everyone. In the booklet you can find the exact laws and covenants taking care of this right.
· We then outlined the main barriers to access healthcare services characterizing refugees and undocumented people:
1. Fear of being deported;
Despite being deported for accessing health care is strictly forbidden, the fear is great this will happen amongst undocumented people. This can be the consequences of not knowing their right but it is also the result of many years of policies aimed at criminalising migration. This has created a scepticism of approaching any governmental institutional, like hospitals.
In the German system there is also an Act which arranges that the Social Welfare Office has to transfer Data to the Foreigners’ Registration Office if they receive a request to cover the costs for medical services. The fear of being deported is not only in case of the access to health care but is a barrier in any sort of support given by the government.
2. Complexity in treating a patient with migratory background;
Basically, it is believed that the health status of migrants cannot be considered only from a strictly medical-healthcare point of view but subjective and objective factors in the life of migrants, and therefore of a socio-cultural, relational, economic and psychological, must be taken into consideration to assess their health status. It means in short that the migration process leaves it traces on the migrants and also has an influence on their health, this needs to be taken into considaration when treating a migrant.